Vanderbilt Kennedy Center

Research and Disability Topics

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Writing disabilities

Students with dysgraphia are those with specific disabilities in processing and reporting information in written form. Writing is firmly connected to reading and spelling because comprehension and exposition of these skills are demonstrated through writing. While writing is a representation of oral language, it also must convey meaning without vocal intonation or stress, making organizational demands on the writer. Problems in writing may result from an inability to manipulate a pen and paper to produce a legible representation of ideas or an inability to express oneself on paper. The former can be address with the introduction of a word processor. Problems with composition and exposition can be treated with a variety of remedial techniques.


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Services and Programs

  • National Center on the Response to Intervention
    Rigorous implementation of RTI includes a combination of high quality, culturally and linguistically responsive instruction; assessment; and evidence-based intervention. Comprehensive RTI implementation will contribute to more meaningful identification of learning and behavioral problems, improve instructional quality, provide all students with the best opportunities to succeed in school, and assist with the identification of learning disabilities and other disabilities.
  • The IRIS Center
    Funded by the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP), the IRIS Center develops training enhancement materials to be used by faculty and professional development providers for the preparation of current and future school personnel.

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